Results: All recommendations on ERAS® protocol items are based on best available evidence; good-quality trials; meta-analyses of good-quality trials; or large cohort studies. The guidelines on perioperative care in elective colorectal surgery were released on November 13, 2018, by the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society. Guidelines for perioperative care in elective colorectal surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society recommendations: 2018. Pędziwiatr M, Pisarska M, Wierdak M, Major P, Rubinkiewicz M, Kisielewski M, Matyja M, Lasek A, Budzyński A. Pol Przegl Chir. 2020 Nov;31(4):100779. doi: 10.1016/j.scrs.2020.100779. and M. Hubner and J. Nygren and N. Demartines and N. Francis and Rockall, {T. Important abbreviations and terms BM biomedical endpoints EN enteral nutrition (enteral tube feeding) ... surgery. Prospectively collected data from 283 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection at the Division of General and Hepatobiliary Surgery, University of Verona Hospital Trust, between March 2014 and March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. View all of the ERAS Society guidelines by clicking here. Dr. Francis has nothing to disclose. E. Rollins, A. Balfour, G. Baldini, B. Riedel, O. Ljungqvist, Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › peer-review. Previous research … This suggests that the ERAS program can be applied usefully to elderly patients in the routine clinical practice. Following provincial implementation of the ERAS ... patients who underwent colorectal surgery (n=7), hip replacement (n=3), hip or knee replacement (n=1). U. O. Gustafsson, M. J. Scott, M. Hubner, J. Nygren, N. Demartines, N. Francis, T. A. Rockall, T. M. Young-Fadok, A. G. Hill, M. Soop, H. D. de Boer, R. D. Urman, G. J. Chang, A. Fichera, H. Kessler, F. Grass, E. E. Whang, W. J. Fawcett, F. Carli, D. N. LoboShow 5 othersShow lessK. Studies on each item within the protocol were selected with particular attention paid to meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials and large prospective cohorts and examined, reviewed and graded according to Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. 2015 Nov;87(11):565-72. doi: 10.1515/pjs-2016-0004. NLM METHODS: All adult patients undergoing primary, elective colorectal laparoscopic surgery between January 2017 and December 2018 were considered eligible to follow the ERAS protocol according to the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society guidelines. The ERAS protocol improves perioperative care in a multimodal way to enhance early and safe release from the hospital. In early 2018, the Chinese Society of Surgery and the Chinese Society of Anesthesiology jointly released the Chinese Expert Consensus and Pathway Management Guidelines on Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (2018 edition), which emphasizes the importance of multi-disciplinary collaboration (i.e., collaboration among the departments of surgery, anesthesia, nursing, nutrition, and other disciplines) … See Fig. Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) refers to patient-centered, evidence-based, multidisciplinary team developed pathways for a surgical specialty and facility culture to reduce the patients surgical stress response, optimize their physiologic function, and facilitate recovery. Similarly, the frequency of re-intervention and readmission was similar in younger and older patients. Patients’ adherence to pre … Article Locations: Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. The impact of ERAS ® on patient outcomes has been considerable. Abstract Background This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS ) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS protocol. Studies on each item within the protocol were selected with particular attention paid to meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials and large prospective cohorts and examined, reviewed and graded according to Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Dr. Riedel reports personal fees from Edwards Lifesciences, outside the submitted work. risk of DVT after colorectal surgery, although the lack of a The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guideline for the Prevention of Venous Thromboembolic Disease in Colorectal Surgery Fergal Fleming, M.D. Dr. Soop reports personal fees from IBD Congress News, Sweden Shire Pharmaceuticals Ltd, UK, outside the submitted work. Share this page. 1). The level of evidence for the use of each item is presented accordingly. Methods: for colorectal surgery, but the idea has been applied to other types of surgical procedures. World J Gastroenterol. Dr. Chang reports personal fees from J&J and MORE Health, outside the submitted work. Roots in colorectal surgery protocols ERAS Society created in 2001 First consensus protocol published in 2005 2013 – Kalogera et.al in Green Journal 2016 – ERAS Society guidelines for Gyn Onc. Impact of Nutrition on Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) in Gynecologic Oncology Bisch S, Nelson G, Altman A Nutrients, 11(5), May 2019 Full Text ; Guidelines for perioperative care in gynecologic/oncology: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society recommendations - 2019 update Nelson G, Bakkum-Gamez J. Kalogera E et al.  |  [Guideline] Gustafsson UO, Scott MJ, Hubner M, Nygren J, Demartines N, Francis N, et al.  |  Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations: 2018… The pathway was updated by in December 2018 in line with recent research and evidence so that it continues to meet the needs of our patients. Dr. Hill has nothing to disclose. Conclusions: In addition, the definition of the "old patient" in terms of age varies across the studies and different age cut-off, such as 65, 70, and 75 years have been used worldwide. Enhanced Recovery Program in High-Risk Patients Undergoing Colorectal Surgery: Results from the PeriOperative Italian Society Registry. Gustafsson, … The aim of this study was firstly to describe patient experiences of health within the concept of ERAS after colorectal (CR) … National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Enhanced Recovery in Upper GI Surgery; Enhanced Recovery in Colorectal Surgery; Enhanced Recovery in HPB Surgery; Enhanced Recovery in Urology Surgery; Patient leaflets; Clinical services. Epub 2018 Dec 21. Dr. Rollins has nothing to disclose. Abstract. Enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs), also known as fast-track or enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols, were … Dr. Baldini has nothing to disclose. Dr. Soop reports personal fees from IBD Congress News, Sweden Shire Pharmaceuticals Ltd, UK, outside the submitted work. Patients, ASA class I-III, planned to undergo elective CR surgery with an intention to follow the ERAS program, were included from October 2016 to June 2018. Conclusions: The evidence base and recommendation for items within the multimodal perioperative care pathway are presented by the ERAS® Society in this comprehensive consensus review. N2 - Background: This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS® protocol. Dr. Ljungqvist reports other from Encare AB (Sweden), personal fees and other from Nutricia (NL), outside the submitted work.". title = "Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS{\textregistered}) Society Recommendations: 2018". Dr. Whang has nothing to disclose. Facebook; Twitter; LinkedIn; WhatsApp; … Introduction. Gustafsson UO, Scott MJ, Hubner M, et al. This clinical practice guideline is based on the best available evidence. Design Systematic review of qualitative literature using a qualitative content analysis. Epub 2018 Dec 21. In an elective setting, ERAS program for colorectal surgery is well established as noted in the recommended guidelines for perioperative care in elective colonic and rectal surgery from the ERAS Society in 2013 [4, 5], and the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons and the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons in 2017 . AB - Background: This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS® protocol. ERAS is a complex, evidence based strategy which proved to be extremely effective when linked to laparoscopy in reducing morbidity, length of hospital stay, as well as reducing cost of colorectal … These pathways, collectively referred to as Enhanced Recovery Pathways, have resulted in shortened length of hospital stay, reduced complications, and variance in outcomes, as well as earlier return to baseline activities. The length of stay was significantly higher in older patients, when the cutoff of 70 years or 75 years was used, but did not differ significantly when the cut-off of 65 years was used. N1 - Funding Information: 2019 Aug;55:7-12. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2018.12.034. Objectives To conduct a systematic review of qualitative studies which explore health professionals’ experiences of and perspectives on the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway. Semin Colon Rectal Surg. 2017 Mar;41(3):860-867. doi: 10.1007/s00268-016-3766-9. New and updated ERAS Society Colorectal Surgery Guidelines. Prepared by the Clinical Practice Guidelines Committee of The American Society of Colon … Dr. Baldini has nothing to disclose. @article{Gustafsson2018GuidelinesFP, title={Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations: 2018}, author={U. O. Gustafsson and M. Scott and M. Hubner and J. Nygren and N. Demartines and N. Francis and T. Rockall and T. Young-Fadok and A. Hill and M. Soop and H. D. Boer and R. Urman and G. J. Chang and A. Consensus review of optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) group recommendations. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) group. For this reason, ERAS guidelines recommend … The American College of Surgeons Geriatric Surgery Verification Program and the Practicing Colorectal Surgeon. Thirty-day mortality was absent. World journal of surgery , 43 (3), 659‐695. O.} Dr. Grass has nothing to disclose. Guidelines for perioperative care in elective colorectal surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society recommendations: 2018. author = "Gustafsson, {U. Conclusions: The evidence base and recommendation for items within the multimodal perioperative care pathway are presented by the ERAS® Society in this comprehensive consensus review. 2019 Mar;23(3):587-594. doi: 10.1007/s11605-018-3943-2. Guidelines for perioperative care in elective colonic surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS ) Society recommendationsq ... open colorectal surgery, and the extrapolation to laparoscopic surgery might be questionable. and Scott, {M. of an ERAS guideline for elective colorectal surgery that was developed by the Best Practice in Surgery (then Best Practice in General Surgery) in 2011. and F. Carli and Lobo, {D. N.} and Rollins, {K. E.} and A. Balfour and G. Baldini and B. Riedel and O. Ljungqvist". A.} Cost-effectiveness of the implementation of an enhanced recovery protocol for colorectal surgery, British Journal of Surgery, 2013. Intra … Bagnall NM, Malietzis G, Kennedy RH, Athanasiou T, Faiz O, Darzi A. Colorectal Dis. Dr. Francis has nothing to disclose. DOI: 10.1556/1046.71.2018.1.1. BMJ Open. Abstract. 2019;43(3):659-695. doi: 10.1007/s00268-018-4844-y PubMed Google Scholar Crossref 1. The paper, and other research … Guidelines from the ERAS ® Society were first established in adult colorectal surgery and have since expanded into multiple areas of surgery including gynecology, orthopedic surgery, and cardiac surgery [].Some of the earliest benefits observed with ERAS ® were shortened length of stay … ... O.U. In addition, the authors recommend spinal anaesthesia with low-dose opioids as an adjunct to general anaesthesia in laparoscopic surgery. Together they form a unique fingerprint. Dr. Urman reports personal fees from Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, personal fees from 3 M, personal fees from Merck, grants from Merck, grants from Mallinckrodt, grants from Medtronic, outside the submitted work; and is Treasurer, ERAS Society—USA. 1. The time to oral solid feeding was similar in young and old patients, independently of the age cut-off used. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.  |  Dr. Balfour has nothing to disclose. Dr. Fawcett reports personal fees and non-financial support from MSD and Smiths-Medical and Grunethal, outside the submitted work; and is an Executive Committee Member of ERAS{\textregistered} Society. covery After Surgery (ERAS) concept and the special nutritional needs of patients undergoing major surgery, e.g. Elderly were defined according three different cut-off values: <65 and ≥65 years, <70 and ≥70 years, <75 and ≥75 years. Dr. Hill has nothing to disclose. J.} By Samantha Kuplicki MSN, APRN-CNS, AGNCS-BC, CWCN-AP, CWS, RNFA, CFCN . 2 Roulin and al. Gustafsson UO, Scott MJ, Hubner M, Nygren J, Demartines N, Francis N et al. Dr. Kessler has nothing to disclose. The level of evidence for the use of each item is presented accordingly. Dr. Young Fadok reports personal fees from Pacira, outside the submitted work; and is President of ERAS USA and organises an ERAS CME course at Mayo annually. AB - Background: This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS® protocol. NEW ORLEANS – Colorectal and bariatric surgery patients benefited from an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program, leaving the hospital sooner and requiring fewer opioids to control pain, according to new research presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2018 meeting. (2018, November 13). 43 (3):659-695. . The basic principles of ERAS include attention to the following: … However, little is known about patients’ self-reported health in an enhanced recovery context. Arch Surg 2009;144:961–9. World J Surg . The objectives of this study were to investigate the impact of the introduction of the pathway, the relationship between pathway adherence and patient outcomes, and the relative … ... 29 November 2017; Accepted: 07 December 2017; Published: 11 January 2018. doi: 10.21037/ales.2017.12.06. ERAS Colorectal Surgery, Adult – Inpatient V 1.1 Page 3 of 33 Important Information Before You Begin An Alberta Health Services (AHS) Provincial Clinical Knowledge Topic is the evidence- informed clinical best practice standard for a specific patient population. The updated guidelines for elective colorectal surgery developed by the ERAS Society recommend thoracic epidural analgesia for the open surgical approach and TAP blocks for the minimally invasive approach. The ERAS guideline strongly recommends that smoking and alcohol intake be stopped 4 weeks before surgery,6 for which support from the patient’s primary care physician is essential. Consensus review of optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) group recommendations. Dr. Carli has nothing to disclose. Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS ®) Society Recommendations: 2018. The Effects Of Colorectal Eras On The Mobility Of Patients On A General Surgical Nursing Unit ... Ljungqvist, O. [Guideline] Gustafsson UO, Scott MJ, Hubner M, Nygren J, Demartines N, Francis N, et al. Lassen K, Soop M, Nygren J, Cox PB, Hendry PO, Spies C, et al. journal = "Presentations from the 9th Annual Electric Utilities Environmental Conference", K. E. Rollins, A. Balfour, G. Baldini, B. Riedel, O. Ljungqvist, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-018-4844-y. Several studies show that the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program reduces complications postoperatively and leads to faster recovery and shorter hospital stays. J.} Guidelines for perioperative care in elective colorectal surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) society recommendations: 2018. Dr. Ljungqvist reports other from Encare AB (Sweden), personal fees and other from Nutricia (NL), outside the submitted work. • … … Arch Surg 2009;144:961–9. Adherence to protocol did not differ significantly between younger and older patients, for most of the items. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. ... (2018), pp. for cancer, and of those developing severe complications despite best perioperative care. / Gustafsson, U. O.; Scott, M. J.; Hubner, M.; Nygren, J.; Demartines, N.; Francis, N.; Rockall, T. A.; Young-Fadok, T. M.; Hill, A. G.; Soop, M.; de Boer, H. D.; Urman, R. D.; Chang, G. J.; Fichera, A.; Kessler, H.; Grass, F.; Whang, E. E.; Fawcett, W. J.; Carli, F.; Lobo, D. N.; Rollins, K. E.; Balfour, A.; Baldini, G.; Riedel, B.; Ljungqvist, O. T1 - Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery, T2 - Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations: 2018. First, as patients fear the unknown, proper and complete information may reduce anaesthesia- and surgery-related anxiety and subsequent pain [15,16,17,18,19]. Dr. Grass has nothing to disclose. Guideline PDF Enhanced Recovery Guideline PDF … Secondly, the patient’s preparedness, satisfaction and overall surgical experience may be improved considerably by detailed, procedure-specific and patient-centred information giving sessions [20,21,22]. One hundred and eight patients were included in the study. In rectal surgery, bladder catheter is standard practice due to the risk of urinary function impairment. ... International ERAS guidelines were … Dr. Fichera has nothing to disclose. However, there is no evident advantage in maintaining the catheter beyond the strict necessity. 1 2 Pre-operative recommendations include permission of oral intake of clear fluids up to 2 hours before surgery, use of carbohydrate loading, and avoidance of mechanical bowel preparation. Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS ®) Society Recommendations: 2018. Conclusions: The evidence base and recommendation for items within the multimodal perioperative care pathway are presented by the ERAS{\textregistered} Society in this comprehensive consensus review.". [PMID:30530586] Heiss KF, Raval MV. A systematic review of enhanced recovery care after colorectal surgery in elderly patients. Gustafsson, U. O. ; Scott, M. J. ; Hubner, M. ; Nygren, J. ; Demartines, N. ; Francis, N. ; Rockall, T. A. ; Young-Fadok, T. M. ; Hill, A. G. ; Soop, M. ; de Boer, H. D. ; Urman, R. D. @article{49dfb8baf802457797e639ec95399cc5. Article Locations: Buvanendran A, Kroin JS, Della Valle CJ, Kari M, Moric M, Tuman KJ. 1 Nelson et al, Implementation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Across a Provincial Healthcare System: The ERAS Alberta Colorectal Surgery Experience, World Journal of Surgery, 2016. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a global surgical quality improvement program based on peri-operative guidelines that have been developed for several surgical specialties. Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations: 2018 Guidelines for enhanced recovery after lung surgery: recommendations of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society and the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) Perioperative care in colorectal surgery is systematically defined in the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol. DOI: 10.1556/1046.71.2018.1.1. ERAS care protocols are based on the evidence available in the literature and assemble several care elements that all have proven to be supporting recovery and/or avoiding complications after major operations (Fig. Time to bladder catheter removal was significantly longer in older patients, independently of the age cut-off used, although the differences do not seem to be clinically relevant. In 2012, guidelines for colon surgery, rectal/ pelvic surgery, and pancreaticoduodenectomy were published by the ERAS study group.3–5 The same group announced guidelines for gastric cancer surgery in 2014, and the idea of perioperative Methods: A wide database search on English literature publications was performed. Creation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Guideline for neonatal intestinal surgery patients: a knowledge synthesis and consensus generation approach and protocol study. These elements form a care plan or pathway that is introduced as the basic standard of care in a unit by engaging everyone involved in the care of these patients. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) group. Methods: A wide database search on English literature publications was performed. ERAS programs for colorectal surgery were developed to reduce inpatient hospital costs through improvements in preoperative, intra-operative and postoperative strategies. 101-111. Background: This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS® protocol. ance, impaired coagulation profiles, and altered pulmonary and gastrointestinal function. payments from In Court and payments from MDT pancreas cancer, outside the submitted work. METHODS: All adult patients undergoing primary, elective colorectal laparoscopic surgery between January 2017 and December 2018 were considered eligible to follow the ERAS protocol according to the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society guidelines. Guidelines for Perioperative Care in Elective Colorectal Surgery : Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society Recommendations: 2018. abstract = "Background: This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS{\textregistered}) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS{\textregistered} protocol. Published online: 13 November 2018 The Author(s) 2018. 2015 Aug 14;21(30):9209-16. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i30.9209. • Wolfgang Gaertner, M.D. These care pathways form an integrated continuum, as the patient moves from home through the pre-hospital / … Dr. Fichera has nothing to disclose. AB - Background: This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS® protocol. Dr. Lobo reports grants and personal fees from BBraun, grants and personal fees from Baxter Healthcare, personal fees from Fresenius Kabi, and personal fees from Shire, outside the submitted work. Dr. Whang has nothing to disclose. Gustafsson, U. O., Scott, M. J., Hubner, M., Nygren, J., Demartines, N., Francis, N., Rockall, T. A., Young-Fadok, T. M., Hill, A. G., Soop, M., de Boer, H. D., Urman, R. D. Gustafsson, UO, Scott, MJ, Hubner, M, Nygren, J, Demartines, N, Francis, N, Rockall, TA, Young-Fadok, TM, Hill, AG, Soop, M, de Boer, HD, Urman, RD. The frequency of postoperative complications globally considered and the frequency of the various single complications did not differ significantly between younger and older patients, independently of the cutoff considered to define the older age. Dr. Rollins has nothing to disclose. Methods: A wide database search on English literature publications was performed. The criteria for inclusion were the ability to understand and complete questionnaires in Swedish and the ability to take part in the planned telephone interview postoperatively. Background: This is the fourth updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in colorectal surgery and providing graded recommendations for each ERAS item within the ERAS® protocol. World J Surg. Early optimization. World J Surg . The literature search 1966–2018 used Embase and PubMed to search medical subject headings including “gynecology”, “gynecologic oncology”, and all previous pre-, intra-, and post-operative ... meta-analysis in colorectal … rectal2 surgery included studies identified up to January 2012 with significant literature published since then. Several studies, and consequently the ERAS guidelines, suggest taking it out as soon as possible, even within the 1st day [18,67]. alyze the effects of our ERAS protocol on a heterogeneous population undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Studies on each item within the protocol were selected with particular attention paid to meta-analyses, randomised controlled trials and large prospective cohorts and examined, reviewed and graded according to Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathways were developed with the goal of maintaining normal physiology in the perioperative period, thus optimizing patient outcomes without increasing postoperative complications or readmissions. Would you like email updates of new search results? Epub 2020 Oct 2. Adequate compliance to the elements of the ERAS protocol is multifactorial. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056655176&partnerID=8YFLogxK, UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85056655176&partnerID=8YFLogxK, JO - Presentations from the 9th Annual Electric Utilities Environmental Conference, JF - Presentations from the 9th Annual Electric Utilities Environmental Conference, Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V, "We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. NIH USA.gov. World J Surg. J Clin Anesth. 1. Methods: A wide database search on English literature publications was performed. 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